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SNARE protein recycling by alpha SNAP and beta SNAP supports synaptic vesicle priming

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Meyer,  G.
Neurochemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Max Planck Society;

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O'Connor,  V. M.
Neurochemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Burgalossi, A., Jung, S. Y., Meyer, G., Jockusch, W. J., Jahn, O., Taschenberger, H., et al. (2010). SNARE protein recycling by alpha SNAP and beta SNAP supports synaptic vesicle priming. Neuron, 68(3), 473-487.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-1D2E-7
Abstract
Neurotransmitter release proceeds by Ca2+-triggered, SNARE-complex-dependent synaptic vesicle fusion. After fusion, the ATPase NSF and its cofactors alpha- and beta SNAP disassemble SNARE complexes, thereby recycling individual SNAREs for subsequent fusion reactions. We examined the effects of genetic perturbation of alpha- and beta SNAP expression on synaptic vesicle exocytosis, employing a new Ca2+ uncaging protocol to study synaptic vesicle trafficking, priming, and fusion in small glutamatergic synapses of hippocampal neurons. By characterizing this protocol, we show that synchronous and asynchronous transmitter release involve different Ca2+ sensors and are not caused by distinct releasable vesicle pools, and that tonic transmitter release is due to ongoing priming and fusion of new synaptic vesicles during high synaptic activity. Our analysis of alpha- and beta SNAP deletion mutant neurons shows that the two NSF cofactors support synaptic vesicle priming by determining the availability of free SNARE components, particularly during phases of high synaptic activity.