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Journal Article

Finite-time effects and ultraweak ergodicity breaking in superdiffusive dynamics.


Godec,  A.
Research Group of Mathematical Biophysics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Godec, A., & Metzler, R. (2013). Finite-time effects and ultraweak ergodicity breaking in superdiffusive dynamics. Physical Review Letters, 110(2): 020603. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.020603.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-CCBD-3
We study the ergodic properties of superdiffusive, spatiotemporally coupled Lévy walk processes. For trajectories of finite duration, we reveal a distinct scatter of the scaling exponents of the time averaged mean squared displacement ¯¯¯¯¯¯δx2 around the ensemble value 3−α (1<α<2) ranging from ballistic motion to subdiffusion, in strong contrast to the behavior of subdiffusive processes. In addition we find a significant dependence of the average of ¯¯¯¯¯¯δx2 over an ensemble of trajectories as a function of the finite measurement time. This so-called finite-time amplitude depression and the scatter of the scaling exponent is vital in the quantitative evaluation of superdiffusive processes. Comparing the long time average of the second moment with the ensemble mean squared displacement, these only differ by a constant factor, an ultraweak ergodicity breaking.