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Journal Article

Finite temperature expansion dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates in ring traps


Roy,  Arko
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Roy, A., & Angom, D. (2017). Finite temperature expansion dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates in ring traps. Physics Letters. A, 381(31), 2483-2488. doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2017.05.055.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-D007-F
We explore the effects of finite temperature on the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) after it is released from the confining potential. In addition, we examine the variation in the expansion dynamics of the BECs as the confining potential is transformed from a multiply to a simply connected geometry. To include the effects of finite temperatures we use the frozen thermal cloud approximation, and observe unique features of the condensate density distribution when released from the confining potential. We find that at T not equal 0, during the initial stages of expansion, the multiply connected condensate has more pronounced interference rings compared to the case of zero temperature. Such difference in the dynamical evolution is also evident for simply connected condensates. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.