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Journal Article

Balanced Truncation Model Order Reduction in Limited Time Intervals for Large Systems


Kürschner,  Patrick
Computational Methods in Systems and Control Theory, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Kürschner, P. (2018). Balanced Truncation Model Order Reduction in Limited Time Intervals for Large Systems. Advances in Computational Mathematics, 44(6), 1821-1844. doi:10.1007/s10444-018-9608-6.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-739C-5
In this article we investigate model order reduction of large-scale systems using time-limited balanced truncation, which restricts the well known balanced truncation framework to prescribed finite time intervals. The main emphasis is put on the efficient numerical realization of this model reduction approach. We discuss numerical methods to deal with the involved matrix exponential functions and the occurring large-scale Lyapunov equations which are solved for low-rank approximations. Our main tool for this purpose are rational Krylov subspace methods. We also discuss the eigenvalue decay and numerical rank of the solutions of the Lyapunov equations. These results, and also numerical experiments, will show that depending on the final time horizon, the numerical rank of the Lyapunov solutions in time-limited balanced truncation can be smaller compared to standard balanced truncation. In numerical experiments we test the approaches for computing low-rank factors of the occurring Lyapunov solutions and illustrate that time-limited balanced truncation can generate reduced order models having a higher accuracy in the considered time region.