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Enhanced optical transmittance by reduced reflectance of curved polymer surfaces

MPS-Authors

Chen,  Wenwen
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Diao,  Zhaolu
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Dirks,  Jan-Henning
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

Geiger,  Fania
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Spatz,  Joachim P.
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Citation

Chen, W., Diao, Z., Dirks, J.-H., Geiger, F., & Spatz, J. P. (2017). Enhanced optical transmittance by reduced reflectance of curved polymer surfaces. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 302(9): 1700072, pp. 1-8. doi:10.1002/mame.201700072.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-DA3F-1
Abstract
Subwavelength nanostructure arrays on surfaces improve their optical transmittance by reducing the reflection of light over a wide range of wavelengths and angles of incidence. A method to imprint a sub-100 nm nanostructure array on a large surface (Ø 20 mm) made from thermoplastic materials is reported. Transmittance through the flat polymer is improved by ≈6.5%, reaching values of up to 97.5%, after imprinting. The optical properties of the nanostructured samples are highly reproducible. After eight repeated imprinting operations with the same stamp, the transmittance of the nanostructured surface is decreased by less than 0.2%. Moreover, the nanostructures can also be imprinted on curved polymethylmethacrylate surfaces, achieving a maximum transmittance of 97%. This method to prepare large-scale antireflective nanostructures on flat and flexible curved polymer surfaces is of interest for the production of antireflective screens, optical devices, and biomedical devices such as contact lenses and intraocular lenses.