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Effect of fusidic acid on the kinetics of molecular motions during EF-G-induced translocation on the ribosome.

MPG-Autoren
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Belardinelli,  R.
Department of Physical Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Rodnina,  M. V.
Department of Physical Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Belardinelli, R., & Rodnina, M. V. (2017). Effect of fusidic acid on the kinetics of molecular motions during EF-G-induced translocation on the ribosome. Scientific Reports, 7: 10536. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10916-8.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-E087-0
Zusammenfassung
The translocation step of protein synthesis entails binding and dissociation of elongation factor G (EF-G), movements of the two tRNA molecules, and motions of the ribosomal subunits. The translocation step is targeted by many antibiotics. Fusidic acid (FA), an antibiotic that blocks EF-G on the ribosome, may also interfere with some of the ribosome rearrangements, but the exact timing of inhibition remains unclear. To follow in real-time the dynamics of the ribosome-tRNA-EF-G complex, we have developed a fluorescence toolbox which allows us to monitor the key molecular motions during translocation. Here we employed six different fluorescence observables to investigate how FA affects translocation kinetics. We found that FA binds to an early translocation intermediate, but its kinetic effect on tRNA movement is small. FA does not affect the synchronous forward (counterclockwise) movements of the head and body domains of the small ribosomal subunit, but exerts a strong effect on the rates of late translocation events, i.e. backward (clockwise) swiveling of the head domain and the transit of deacylated tRNA through the E' site, in addition to blocking EF-G dissociation. The use of ensemble kinetics and numerical integration unraveled how the antibiotic targets molecular motions within the ribosome-EF-G complex.