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Journal Article

Ganglioside-protein interactions: Spin-label electron spin resonance studies with (Na+,K+)-ATPase membranes.


Marsh,  D.
Department of Spectroscopy and Photochemical Kinetics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Esmann, M., Marsh, D., Schwarzmann, G., & Sandhoff, K. (1988). Ganglioside-protein interactions: Spin-label electron spin resonance studies with (Na+,K+)-ATPase membranes. Biochemistry, 27(7), 2398-2403.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-E635-5
Lipid-protein interactions in (Na+,K+)-ATPase-rich membranes from Squalus acanthias have been studied using spin-labeled derivatives of the mono- and disialogangliosides GM1, GM2, GM3, and GD1b, in conjunction with electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Ganglioside-protein interactions are revealed by the presence of a second component in the ESR spectra of the membranes in addition to a component that corresponds closely to the ESR spectra obtained from dispersions of the extracted membrane lipids. This second component corresponds to spin-labeled gangliosides whose chain motion is significantly restricted relative to that of the fluid lipids in the membrane or the lipid extract. A small selectively for the motionally restricted component associated with the protein is found in the order GD1b greater than GM1 approximately equal to GM2 approximately equal to GM3. Comparison with previous results from spin-labeled phospholipids in the same system [Esmann, M., Watts, A., & Marsh, D. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 1386-1393] shows that the spin-labeled monosialogangliosides GM1, GM2, and GM3 display little selectivity in the lipid-protein interaction relative to spin-labeled phosphatidylcholine. The spectral characteristics of both the fluid and motionally restricted spin-labeled components differ very significantly, however, between the gangliosides and the phospholipids. The outer hyperfine splitting of the motionally restricted component is smaller for the gangliosides than for the phospholipids, indicating a smaller degree of motional restriction on interaction of the ganglioside lipid chains with the protein.