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Exchange rates at the lipid-protein interface of the myelin proteolipid protein determined by saturation transfer electron spin resonance and continuous wave saturation studies.

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Horvath,  L.I.
Department of Spectroscopy and Photochemical Kinetics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Marsh,  D.
Department of Spectroscopy and Photochemical Kinetics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Horvath, L., Brophy, P. J., & Marsh, D. (1988). Exchange rates at the lipid-protein interface of the myelin proteolipid protein determined by saturation transfer electron spin resonance and continuous wave saturation studies. Biochemistry, 27(1), 46-52. doi:10.1016/S0006-3495(93)81421-8.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-EE31-F
Abstract
The microwave saturation properties of various spin-labeled lipids in reconstituted complexes of the myelin proteolipid protein with dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine have been studied both by conventional and saturation transfer electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. In the fluid phase, the conventional ESR spectra consist of a fluid and a motionally restricted (i.e., protein-associated) component, whose relative proportions can be determined by spectral subtractions and depend on the selectivity of the particular spin-labeled lipid for the protein. At 4 degrees C when the bulk lipid is in the gel phase, the integrated intensity of the saturation transfer ESR spectra displays a linear dependence on the fraction of motionally restricted lipid that is deduced from the conventional ESR spectra in the fluid phase, indicating the presence of distinct populations of free and protein-interacting lipid with no exchange between them on the saturation transfer ESR time scale in the gel phase. At 30 degrees C when the bulk lipid is in the fluid phase, the saturation transfer integral displays a nonlinear dependence on the fraction of motionally restricted lipid, consistent with exchange between the two lipid populations on the saturation transfer ESR time scale in the fluid phase. For lipid spin labels with different selectivities for the protein in complexes of fixed lipid/protein ratio, the data in the fluid phase are consistent with a constant (diffusion-controlled) on-rate for exchange at the lipid-protein interface. Values ranging between 1 and 9 x 10(6) s-1 are estimated for the intrinsic off-rates for exchange of spin-labeled stearic acid and phosphatidylcholine, respectively, at 30 degrees C. Conventional continuous wave saturation experiments lead to similar conclusions regarding the lipid exchange rates in the fluid and gel phases of the lipid/protein recombinants. The ESR saturation studies therefore demonstrate exchange on the time scale of the nitroxide spin-lattice relaxation at the lipid-protein interface of myelin proteolipid/dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine complexes in the fluid phase but not in the gel phase.