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Journal Article

Signal recognition particle binds to translating ribosomes before emergence of a signal anchor sequence.

MPS-Authors
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Mercier,  E.
Department of Physical Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Holtkamp,  W.
Department of Physical Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Rodnina,  M. V.
Department of Physical Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Wintermeyer,  W.
Research Group of Ribosome Dynamics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Fulltext (public)

2483003.pdf
(Publisher version), 2MB

Supplementary Material (public)

2483003_Suppl.pdf
(Supplementary material), 591KB

Citation

Mercier, E., Holtkamp, W., Rodnina, M. V., & Wintermeyer, W. (2017). Signal recognition particle binds to translating ribosomes before emergence of a signal anchor sequence. Nucleic Acids Research, 45(20), 11858-11866. doi:10.1093/nar/gkx888.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-F56E-0
Abstract
The bacterial signal recognition particle (SRP) is part of the machinery that targets ribosomes synthesizing membrane proteins to membrane-embedded translocons co-translationally. Recognition of nascent membrane proteins occurs by virtue of a hydrophobic signal-anchor sequence (SAS) contained in the nascent chain, usually at the N terminus. Here we use fluorescence-based stopped-flow to monitor SRP-ribosome interactions with actively translating ribosomes while an SRP substrate is synthesized and emerges from the peptide exit tunnel. The kinetic analysis reveals that, at cellular concentrations of ribosomes and SRP, SRP rapidly binds to translating ribosomes prior to the emergence of an SAS and forms an initial complex that rapidly rearranges to a more stable engaged complex. When the growing peptide reaches a length of ∼50 amino acids and the SAS is partially exposed, SRP undergoes another conformational change which further stabilizes the complex and initiates targeting of the translating ribosome to the translocon. These results provide a reconciled view on the timing of high-affinity targeting complex formation, while emphasizing the existence of preceding SRP recruitment steps under conditions of ongoing translation.