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Functional genomics of an anaerobic aromatic-degrading denitrifying bacterium, strain EbN1

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Rabus,  R.
Department of Microbiology, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Rabus, R. (2005). Functional genomics of an anaerobic aromatic-degrading denitrifying bacterium, strain EbN1. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 68(5), 580-587.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-D009-A
Abstract
Nitrate-reducing bacteria of the recently recognized Azoarcus/Thauera group within the Betaproteobacteria contribute significantly to the biodegradation of aromatic and other refractory compounds in anoxic waters and soils. Strain EbN1 belongs to a distinct cluster (new genus) and is the first member of this phylogenetic group, the genome of which has been determined (4.7 Mb; one chromosome, two plasmids) by [Rabus R, Kube M, Heider J, Beck A, Heitmann K, Widdel F, Reinhardt R (2005) The genome sequence of an anaerobic aromatic-degrading denitrifying bacterium, strain EbN1. Arch Microbiol 183:27-36]. Ten anaerobic and four aerobic aromatic-degradation pathways were recognized on the chromosome, with the coding genes mostly forming clusters. Presence of paralogous gene clusters (e.g. for anaerobic ethylbenzene degradation) suggests an even broader degradation spectrum than previously known. Metabolic versatility is also reflected by the presence of multiple respiratory complexes and is apparently controlled by an extensive regulatory network. Strain EbN1 is unique for its capacity to degrade toluene and ethylbenzene anaerobically via completely different pathways. Bioinformatical analysis of their genetic blueprints and global expression analysis (DNA-microarray and proteomics) of substrate-adapted cells [Kühner S, Wöhlbrand L, Fritz I, Wruck W, Hultschig C, Hufnagel P, Kube M, Reinhardt R, Rabus R (2005) Substrate-dependent regulation of anaerobic degradation pathways for toluene and ethylbenzene in a denitrifying bacterium, strain EbN1. J Bacteriol 187:1493-1503] indicated coordinated vs sequential modes of regulation for the toluene and ethylbenzene pathways, respectively.