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Evaluation of the phylogenetic position of the planctomycete "Rhodopirellula baltica" SH 1 by means of concantenated ribosomal protein sequences, DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit sequences and whole genome trees

MPS-Authors
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Teeling,  H.
Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Lombardot,  T.
Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Bauer,  M.
Microbial Genomics Group, Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Glöckner,  F.O.
Microbial Genomics Group, Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Teeling, H., Lombardot, T., Bauer, M., Ludwig, W., & Glöckner, F. (2004). Evaluation of the phylogenetic position of the planctomycete "Rhodopirellula baltica" SH 1 by means of concantenated ribosomal protein sequences, DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit sequences and whole genome trees. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 54, 791-801.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-D1AB-2
Abstract
In recent years, the planctomycetes have been recognized as a phylum of environmentally important bacteria with habitats ranging from soil and freshwater to marine ecosystems. The planctomycetes form an independent phylum within the bacterial domain, whose exact phylogenetic position remains controversial. With the completion of sequencing of the genome of ‘Rhodopirellula baltica’ SH 1, it is now possible to re-evaluate the phylogeny of the planctomycetes based on multiple genes and genome trees in addition to single genes like the 16S rRNA or the elongation factor Tu. Here, evidence is presented based on the concatenated amino acid sequences of ribosomal proteins and DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunits from ‘Rhodopirellula baltica’ SH 1 and more than 90 other publicly available genomes that support a relationship of the Planctomycetes and the Chlamydiae. Affiliation of ‘Rhodopirellula baltica’ SH 1 and the Chlamydiae was reasonably stable regarding site selection since, during stepwise filtering of less-conserved sites from the alignments, it was only broken when rigorous filtering was applied. In a few cases, ‘Rhodopirellula baltica’ SH 1 shifted to a deep branching position adjacent to the Thermotoga/Aquifex clade. These findings are in agreement with recent publications, but the deep branching position was dependent on site selection and treeing algorithm and thus not stable. A genome tree calculated from normalized blastp scores did not confirm a close relationship of ‘Rhodopirellula baltica’ SH 1 and the Chlamydiae, but also indicated that the Planctomycetes do not emerge at the very root of the Bacteria. Therefore, these analyses rather contradict a deep branching position of the Planctomycetes within the bacterial domain and reaffirm their earlier proposed relatedness to the Chlamydiae.