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Journal Article

Magnetosomes as biological model for iron binding: Relaxivity determination with MRI

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Grünberg,  K.
Department of Microbiology, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Schüler,  D.
Department of Microbiology, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Herborn, C. U., Papanikolaou, N., Reszka, R., Grünberg, K., Schüler, D., & Debatin, J. F. (2003). Magnetosomes as biological model for iron binding: Relaxivity determination with MRI. RöFo-Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der Röntgenstrahlen und der bildgebenden Verfahren, 175(6), 830-834.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-D21F-0
Abstract

Purpose: In vitro characterization of iron-containing bacterial particles (magnetosomes) as superparamagnetic contrast agents for MRI.

Material and methods: Different concentrations of magnetosomes were examined with a 1.5 T clinical whole-body MR system at 21 degrees C using the transit/receive extremity coil. Both longitudinal and transversal relaxivities (R1 and R2) of the magnetosomes were determined by an inversion recovery snapshot gradient recall echo (IR FLASH) with various inversion times and a multi echo spin echo sequence. Atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) and electron microscopy were used as reference standard.

Results: Longitudinal and transverse relaxivities of the magnetosomes were calculated to be R1 = 7.688 mmol -1 s -1 and R2 = 147.67 mmol -1 s -1, respectively. The corresponding iron concentrations were determined in all dilutions using AAS, while the magnetosomes were morphologically delineated by electron microscopy.

Conclusion: Magnetosomes represent a new and interesting class of iron-containing contrast agents warranting further evaluation in cellular cultures and animal models. Magnetosomes may be suited for displaying the vector distribution and gene expression of new molecular therapies.