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Structural, transport, magnetic, magnetocaloric properties and critical analysis of Ni-Co-Mn-Ga Heusler alloys

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Singh,  Sanjay
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Arumugam, S., Devarajan, U., Muthu, S. E., Singh, S., Thiyagarajan, R., Raja, M. M., et al. (2017). Structural, transport, magnetic, magnetocaloric properties and critical analysis of Ni-Co-Mn-Ga Heusler alloys. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 442, 460-467. doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2017.07.016.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-05D0-9
Abstract
In this work, we have investigated structural, transport, magnetic, magnetocaloric (MC) properties and critical exponents analysis of the (Ni2.1-xCox)Mn-0.9 Ga (x = 0, 0.04, 0.12 and 0.2) Heusler alloys. For all compositions, cubic austenite (A) phase with metallic character is observed at room temperature (RT). With increasing of Co content, magnitude of resistivity decreases, whereas residual resistivity (rho(0)) and electron scattering factor (A) increases linearly. Magnetic measurements exhibit that ferromagnetic (FM) Curie temperature (T-C(A)) increases towards RT by increasing Co concentration. All samples show conventional MC and maximum magnetic entropy change (Delta S-M(peak)) of -2.8 Jkg(-1) K-1 is observed for x = 0.12 at 147 K under 5 T. Further, hysteresis is observed between cooling and warming cycles around FM-PM (T-C(A)) transition in x = 0, 0.04 samples, which suggests that first order nature of transition. However, there is no hysteresis across T-C(A) for x = 0.12 and 0.2 samples suggesting second-order nature of the transition. The critical exponents are calculated for x = 0.12 sample around T-C(A) using Arrott plot and Kouvel-Fisher method, the estimated critical exponents are found closer to the mean-field model reveals the long range ferromagnetic ordering in this composition. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.