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Effective description of correlations for states obtained from conformal field theory

MPG-Autoren
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Nielsen,  Anne E. B.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Herwerth, B., Sierra, G., Cirac, J. I., & Nielsen, A. E. B. (2017). Effective description of correlations for states obtained from conformal field theory. Physical Review B, 96(11): 115139. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.115139.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-2CC6-5
Zusammenfassung
We study states of one- and two-dimensional spin systems that are constructed as correlators within the conformal field theory of a massless, free boson. In one dimension, these are good variational wave functions for XXZ spin chains, and they are similar to lattice Laughlin states in two dimensions. We show that their zz correlations are determined by a modification of the original free-boson theory. An expansion to quadratic order leads to a solvable, effective theory for the correlations in these states. Compared to the massless boson, there is an additional term in this effective theory that explains the behavior of the correlations: a polynomial decay in one dimension and at the edge of a two-dimensional system and an exponential decay in the bulk of a two-dimensional system. We test the validity of our approximation by comparing it to Monte Carlo computations.