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Journal Article

Loss of the Y chromosomal PAR2-region in four familial cases of satellited Y chromosomes (Yqs)

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Kühl, H., Röttger, S., Heilbronner, H., Enders, H., & Schempp, W. (2001). Loss of the Y chromosomal PAR2-region in four familial cases of satellited Y chromosomes (Yqs). Chromosome Research, 9(3), 215-222. doi:10.1023/A:1012219820317.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-3588-C
Applying fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) of various Y chromosomal DNA probes to four familial cases of human Yqs, it was possible to demonstrate that the formation of Yqs must have arisen from a reciprocal translocation involving the short arm of an acrocentric autosome and the heterochromatin of the long arm of the Y chromosome (Yqh). Breakpoints map within Yqh and the proximal short arm of an acrocentric autosome resulting in the gain of a nucleolus organizer region (NOR) including the telomere repeat (TTAGGG)n combined with the loss of the pseudoautosomal region 2 (PAR2) at the long arm of the recipient Y chromosome. In no case could the reciprocal product of an acrocentric autosome with loss of the NOR and gain of PAR2 be detected. Using the 15p-specific classical satellite-III probe D15Z1 in two of the four Yqs probands presented here, it could be shown that the satellited material originated from the short arm of chromosome 15. In contrast to the loss of PAR2 in Yqs chromosomes, another Y chromosomal variant (Yqh-) showing deletion of long-arm heterochromatin in Yq12 has retained PAR2 referring to an interstitial deletion of Yq heterochromatin in such deleted Y chromosomes.