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Journal Article

Diacylglycerol triggers Rim101 pathway-dependent necrosis in yeast: A model for lipotoxicity.

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Kühnlein,  R. P.
Research Group of Molecular Physiology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Supplementary Material (public)

2514895_Suppl.docx
(Supplementary material), 807KB

Citation

Rockenfeller, P., Smolnig, M., Diessl, J., Bashir, M., Schmiedhofer, V., Knittelfelder, O., et al. (2018). Diacylglycerol triggers Rim101 pathway-dependent necrosis in yeast: A model for lipotoxicity. Cell Death and Differentiation, 25(4), 765-781. doi:10.1038/s41418-017-0014-2.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-8DED-F
Abstract
The loss of lipid homeostasis can lead to lipid overload and is associated with a variety of disease states. However, little is known as to how the disruption of lipid regulation or lipid overload affects cell survival. In this study we investigated how excess diacylglycerol (DG), a cardinal metabolite suspected to mediate lipotoxicity, compromises the survival of yeast cells. We reveal that increased DG achieved by either genetic manipulation or pharmacological administration of 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DOG) triggers necrotic cell death. The toxic effects of DG are linked to glucose metabolism and require a functional Rim101 signaling cascade involving the Rim21-dependent sensing complex and the activation of a calpain-like protease. The Rim101 cascade is an established pathway that triggers a transcriptional response to alkaline or lipid stress. We propose that the Rim101 pathway senses DG-induced lipid perturbation and conducts a signaling response that either facilitates cellular adaptation or triggers lipotoxic cell death. Using established models of lipotoxicity, i.e., high-fat diet in Drosophila and palmitic acid administration in cultured human endothelial cells, we present evidence that the core mechanism underlying this calpain-dependent lipotoxic cell death pathway is phylogenetically conserved.