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Resampling to accelerate cross-correlation searches for continuous gravitational waves from binary systems

MPG-Autoren
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Meadors,  Grant David
Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Krishnan,  Badri
Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Papa,  Maria Alessandra
Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;
Searching for Continuous Gravitational Waves, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Whelan,  John T.
Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Zhang,  Yuanhao
Searching for Continuous Gravitational Waves, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Volltexte (frei zugänglich)

1712.06515.pdf
(Preprint), 2MB

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Zitation

Meadors, G. D., Krishnan, B., Papa, M. A., Whelan, J. T., & Zhang, Y. (2018). Resampling to accelerate cross-correlation searches for continuous gravitational waves from binary systems. Physical Review D, 97: 044017. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.044017.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-3C14-7
Zusammenfassung
Continuous-wave (CW) gravitational-waves (GWs) require computationally-intensive methods. Low signal-to-noise ratio signals need templated searches with long coherent integration times and thus fine parameter-space resolution. Longer integration increases sensitivity. Low-Mass X-ray Binaries (LMXBs) such as Scorpius X-1 (Sco X-1) may emit accretion-driven CWs at strains reachable by current ground-based observatories. Binary orbital parameters induce phase modulation. This paper describes how resampling corrects binary and detector motion, yielding source-frame times series used for cross-correlation. Compared to the previous, detector-frame, templated cross-correlation method, used for Sco X-1 on data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run (O1), resampling is about 20x faster in the costliest, most-sensitive frequency bands. Speed-up factors depend on integration time and search set-up. The speed could be reinvested into longer integration with a forecast sensitivity gain, 20 to 125 Hz median, of approximately 51%, or from 20 to 250 Hz, 11%, given the same per-band cost and set-up. This paper's timing model enables future set-up optimization. Resampling scales well with longer integration, and at 10x unoptimized cost could reach respectively 2.83x and 2.75x median sensitivities, limited by spin-wandering. Then an O1 search could yield a marginalized-polarization upper limit reaching torque-balance at 100 Hz. Frequencies from 40 to 140 Hz might be probed in equal observing time with 2x improved detectors.