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Journal Article

Movements of the tongue during lip trills in horn players: Real-time MRI insights.

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Frahm,  J.
Biomedical NMR Research GmbH, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Voit,  D.
Biomedical NMR Research GmbH, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Joseph,  A.
Biomedical NMR Research GmbH, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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2538823.pdf
(Publisher version), 555KB

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Citation

Iltis, P. W., Frahm, J., Voit, D., Joseph, A., Altenmüller, E., & Miller, A. (2017). Movements of the tongue during lip trills in horn players: Real-time MRI insights. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 32(4), 209-214. doi:10.21091/mppa.2017.4042.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-6209-8
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Movements inside the oral cavity during lip trilling in horn-playing are poorly understood and controversial, particularly with respect to pedagogy. Developments in real-time magnetic resonance imaging (RT-MRI) allow representations of oral cavity movement during lip trill performance on a MRI-compatible horn to be recorded and quantified. METHODS: We present RT-MRI data on 11 highly skilled horn players obtained from serial images acquired at acquisition times of 33.3, 18.2, and 10.0 ms (i.e., at 30, 55 and 100 frames/sec) as they performed sixteenth note, whole-step trills between Eb4 and F4 (concert pitch) at two tempos, ~60 bpm and as fast as possible. RESULTS: For fast trilling (mean speed 178.3±24.7 bpm), 7 of 11 subjects exclusively utilized a tongue movement strategy, 3 used both a tongue and jaw strategy, and 1 exclusively used a jaw strategy. For trilling at ~60 bpm, all 11 subjects used a tongue movement strategy. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest using these movement strategies in teaching whole-step trills.