Deutsch
 
Benutzerhandbuch Datenschutzhinweis Impressum Kontakt
  DetailsucheBrowse

Datensatz

DATENSATZ AKTIONENEXPORT

Freigegeben

Zeitschriftenartikel

Two coupled feedback loops explain random mono-allelic Xist upregulation at the onset of X-chromosome inactivation

MPG-Autoren
/persons/resource/persons215458

Mutzel,  Verena
Regulatory Networks in Stem Cells (Edda G. Schulz), Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons50140

Dunkel,  Ilona
Regulatory Networks in Stem Cells (Edda G. Schulz), Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons145411

Schulz,  Edda G.
Regulatory Networks in Stem Cells (Edda G. Schulz), Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
Es sind keine Externen Ressourcen verfügbar
Volltexte (frei zugänglich)

Mutzel.pdf
(Verlagsversion), 3MB

Ergänzendes Material (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Ergänzenden Materialien verfügbar
Zitation

Mutzel, V., Okamoto, I., Dunkel, I., Saitou, M., Giorgetti, L., Heard, E., et al. (2017). Two coupled feedback loops explain random mono-allelic Xist upregulation at the onset of X-chromosome inactivation. bioRxive, 2017, 1-54. doi:10.1101/204909.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-74CB-9
Zusammenfassung
In female mammal s, dosage compensation for X-linked genes is ensured through random X-chromosome inactivation, which is initiated by mono-allelic up-regulation of Xist . We use mathematical modeling to identify the regulatory principles required to establish the mono-allelic and female-specific Xist expression pattern and test model predictions experimentally. A cis -acting positive feedback, which in mice is mediated by mutual repression of Xist and its antisense transcript Tsix , together with a trans -acting negative feedba ck are sufficient to explain mono-allelic Xist up-regulation. The model can reproduce data from several mutant, aneuploid and polyploid murine cell lines and explain s Xist expression patterns in other mammalian species. Furthermore, it predicts that transient , reversible bi-allelic Xist expression is not restricted to rabbits and humans but can also occur in mice, which we indeed confirm to occur in mouse embryos. Overall, our study provides a conceptual framework of the molecular mechanisms required to initiate random X-chromosome inactivation.