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Journal Article

Transcranial magnetic stimulation with electroencephalography: Methodology, applications for research and clinics

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Nikulin,  Vadim V.
Centre for Cognition and Decision Making, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia;
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Nazarova, M. A., Blagoveschenskiy, E. D., Nikulin, V. V., & Mitina, M. V. (2017). Transcranial magnetic stimulation with electroencephalography: Methodology, applications for research and clinics. Neuromuscular Diseases, 7(4), 20-32. doi:10.17650/2222-8721-2017-7-4-20-32.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-8477-5
Abstract
Combined use of transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroencephalography (TMS-EEG) is a highly informative cutting edge technology which is relevant for fundamental, clinical and translational research. Unique capabilities of TMS-EEG approach allow to assess the functional state and connectivity of brain regions thus opening new prospects for the evaluation of the TMS effects in non-motor cortical areas. TMS-EEG responses have diagnostic and prognostic potential for many neurological and mental illnesses. Simultaneous co-registration of TMS with EEG remains a technically sophisticated procedure and requires specialized equipment in conjunction with application of complex data analysis techniques. This review describes the details of TMS-EEG technique, principles of the experiment design, the shape and the reproducibility of TMS- evoked responses and applications of this promising approach both in research and in clinics.