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Differential sensitivity of vimentin and nuclear lamins from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells toward Ca2+ -activated neutral thiol proteinase

MPG-Autoren
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Scherbarth,  Annemarie
Light Microscopy Facility, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Department of Biomedical Optics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Shoeman,  Robert L.
Coherent diffractive imaging, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Analytical Protein Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Traub, P., Scherbarth, A., Willingale−Theune, J., Paulin−Levasseur, M., & Shoeman, R. L. (1988). Differential sensitivity of vimentin and nuclear lamins from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells toward Ca2+ -activated neutral thiol proteinase. European Journal of Cell Biology: EJCB, 46(3), 478-490.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-B171-8
Zusammenfassung
A comparative study of the susceptibility of vimentin and nuclear lamins from cultured Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cells to degradation by Ca2+ -activated neutral thiol proteinase (calpain) has been undertaken. While pure vimentin was degraded very quickly at physiological ionic strength by purified calpain, isolated lamin B was digested comparatively slowly and purified lamins A/C were fairly resistant to proteolytic degradation. Similar digestion patterns were obtained from vimentin and lamin B with intermediary breakdown products close in size to the corresponding alpha−helical rod domains. To exclude the possibility that the low susceptibility of isolated lamins to Ca2+-dependent proteolytic degradation was due to irreversible denaturation during their isolation and purification, Triton cytoskeletons were prepared and their nuclear lamina as well as vimentin filaments were exposed to relatively large quantities of purified calpain. Under these conditions, not only vimentin filaments but also lamins A and B were digested while lamin C remained intact to a high degree. The major breakdown products of vimentin and lamins were identified as polypeptides which were 35 to 45 amino acids longer than the corresponding alpha−helical rod domains. Most of the vimentin-derived material and all high molecular weight polypeptides originating from lamins remained associated with the Triton cytoskeletons as demonstrated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in conjunction with immunoblotting. Indirect immunofluorescence and electron microscope analysis of the calpain-digested Triton cytoskeletons revealed that they still contained a laminalike structure around the nuclear chromatin and numerous structurally altered intermediate filaments in the cytoplasmic remnant, although all vimentin had been degraded with the formation of 40/41 kDa polypeptides as major digestion products. In untreated Triton cytoskeletons, the vimentin filaments seemed to be in direct physical contact with the nuclear lamina, whereas in digested Triton cytoskeletons there was a distinct gap between structurally altered filaments and the nuclear surface. This shows that vimentin filaments and the nuclear lamina are differentially susceptible to degradation by calpain under certain ionic conditions and suggests that both filamentous structures are intimately associated with each other