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Journal Article

Coannihilation without chemical equilibrium


Vogl,  Stefan
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Garny, M., Heisig, J., Luelf, B., & Vogl, S. (2017). Coannihilation without chemical equilibrium. Physical Review D, 96(10): 103521. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.103521.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-BAB8-F
Chemical equilibrium is a commonly made assumption in the freeze-out calculation of coannihilating dark matter. We explore the possible failure of this assumption and find a new conversion-driven freeze-out mechanism. Considering a representative simplified model inspired by supersymmetry with a neutralino-like and sbottomlike particle we find regions in parameter space with very small couplings accommodating the measured relic density. In this region freeze-out takes place out of chemical equilibrium and dark matter self-annihilation is thoroughly inefficient. The relic density is governed primarily by the size of the conversion terms in the Boltzmann equations. Due to the small dark matter coupling the parameter region is immune to direct detection but predicts an interesting signature of disappearing tracks or displaced vertices at the LHC. Unlike freeze-in or superWIMP scenarios, conversion-driven freeze-out is not sensitive to the initial conditions at the end of reheating.