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Journal Article

Enhancing the Regeneration Process of Consumed NaBH4 for Hydrogen Storage


Felderhoff,  Michael
Research Department Schüth, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Ouyang, L., Chen, W., Liu, J., Felderhoff, M., Wang, H., & Zhu, M. (2017). Enhancing the Regeneration Process of Consumed NaBH4 for Hydrogen Storage. Advanced Energy Materials, 7(19): 1700299. doi:10.1002/aenm.201700299.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-C16D-C
Sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is regarded as an excellent hydrogen-generated material, but its irreversibility of hydrolysis and high cost of regeneration restrict its large-scale application. In this study a convenient and economical method for NaBH4 regeneration is developed for the first time without hydrides used as starting materials for the reduction process. The real hydrolysis by-products (NaBO2·2H2O and NaBO2·4H2O), instead of dehydrated sodium metaborate (NaBO2), are applied for the regeneration of NaBH4 with Mg at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Therefore, the troublesome heat-wasting process to obtain NaBO2 using a drying procedure at over 350 °C from NaBO2·xH2O is omitted. Moreover, the highest regeneration yields of NaBH4 are achieved to date with 68.55% and 64.06% from reaction with NaBO2·2H2O and NaBO2·4H2O, respectively. The cost of NaBH4 regeneration shows a 34-fold reduction compared to the previous study that uses MgH2 as the reduction agent, where H2 is obtained from a separate process. Furthermore, the regeneration mechanism of NaBH4 is clarified and the intermediate compound, NaBH3(OH), is successfully observed for the first time during the regeneration process.