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Elucidation of cross-species proteomic effects in human and hominin bone proteome identification through a bioinformatics experiment

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Welker,  F.
Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society;

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Fulltext (public)

Welker_Elucidation_BMCEvolBiol_2018.pdf
(Publisher version), 906KB

Supplementary Material (public)

Welker_Elucidation_BMCEvolBiol_2018_Suppl.zip
(Supplementary material), 627KB

Citation

Welker, F. (2018). Elucidation of cross-species proteomic effects in human and hominin bone proteome identification through a bioinformatics experiment. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 18: 23. doi:10.1186/s12862-018-1141-1.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-BAE8-9
Abstract
The study of ancient protein sequences is increasingly focused on the analysis of older samples, including those of ancient hominins. The analysis of such ancient proteomes thereby potentially suffers from “cross-species proteomic effects”: the loss of peptide and protein identifications at increased evolutionary distances due to a larger number of protein sequence differences between the database sequence and the analyzed organism. Error-tolerant proteomic search algorithms should theoretically overcome this problem at both the peptide and protein level; however, this has not been demonstrated. If error-tolerant searches do not overcome the cross-species proteomic issue then there might be inherent biases in the identified proteomes. Here, a bioinformatics experiment is performed to test this using a set of modern human bone proteomes and three independent searches against sequence databases at increasing evolutionary distances: the human (0 Ma), chimpanzee (6-8 Ma) and orangutan (16-17 Ma) reference proteomes, respectively.