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Cooperative interaction of BMP signalling and Foxn1 gene dosage determines the size fo the functionally active thymic epithelial compartment

MPG-Autoren
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Swann,  Jeremy
Department of Developmental Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

Krauth,  Brigitte
Department of Developmental Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Happe,  Christiane
Department of Developmental Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Boehm,  T.
Department of Developmental Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Swann, J., Krauth, B., Happe, C., & Boehm, T. (2017). Cooperative interaction of BMP signalling and Foxn1 gene dosage determines the size fo the functionally active thymic epithelial compartment. Scientific Reports, 7, 8492-8496. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09213-1.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-C1DA-0
Zusammenfassung
Thymopoiesis strictly depends on the function of the Foxn1 transcription factor that is expressed in the thymic epithelium. During embryonic development, initial expression of the Foxn1 gene is induced in the pharyngeal endoderm by mesenchyme-derived BMP4 signals. Here, by engineering a time-delayed feedback system of BMP inhibition in mouse embryos, we demonstrate that thymopoiesis irreversibly fails if Foxn1 gene expression does not occur during a defining time span in mid-gestation. We also reveal an epistatic interaction between the extent of BMP signalling and the gene dosage of Foxn1. Our findings illustrate the complexities of the early steps of thymopoiesis and indicate that sporadic forms of thymic hypoplasia in humans may result from the interaction of genes affecting the magnitude of BMP signalling and Foxn1 expression.