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Majorana Kramers pairs in Rashba double nanowires with interactions and disorder


Mandal,  Ipsita
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Thakurathi, M., Simon, P., Mandal, I., Klinovaja, J., & Loss, D. (2018). Majorana Kramers pairs in Rashba double nanowires with interactions and disorder. Physical Review B, 97(4): 045415. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.045415.

We analyze the effects of electron-electron interactions and disorder on a Rashba double-nanowire setup coupled to an s-wave superconductor, which has been recently proposed as a versatile platform to generate Kramers pairs of Majorana bound states in the absence of magnetic fields. We identify the regime of parameters for which these Kramers pairs are stable against interaction and disorder effects. We use bosonization, perturbative renormalization group, and replica techniques to derive the flow equations for various parameters of the model and evaluate the corresponding phase diagram with topological and disorder-dominated phases. We confirm aforementioned results by considering a more microscopic approach, which starts from the tunneling Hamiltonian between the three-dimensional s-wave superconductor and the nanowires. We find again that the interaction drives the system into the topological phase and, as the strength of the source term coming from the tunneling Hamiltonian increases, strong electron-electron interactions are required to reach the topological phase.