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Observing and modeling the poloidal and toroidal fields of the solar dynamo

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Cameron,  Robert H.
Department Solar and Stellar Interiors, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Duvall,  Thomas
Department Solar and Stellar Interiors, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Schüssler,  Manfred
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Schunker,  Hannah
Department Solar and Stellar Interiors, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Cameron, R. H., Duvall, T., Schüssler, M., & Schunker, H. (2018). Observing and modeling the poloidal and toroidal fields of the solar dynamo. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 609: A56. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731481.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-D006-E
Abstract
Context. The solar dynamo consists of a process that converts poloidal magnetic field to toroidal magnetic field followed by a process that creates new poloidal field from the toroidal field. Aims. Our aim is to observe the poloidal and toroidal fields relevant to the global solar dynamo and to see if their evolution is captured by a Babcock-Leighton dynamo. Methods. We used synoptic maps of the surface radial field from the KPNSO/VT and SOLIS observatories, to construct the poloidal field as a function of time and latitude; we also used full disk images from Wilcox Solar Observatory and SOHO/MDI to infer the longitudinally averaged surface azimuthal field. We show that the latter is consistent with an estimate of the longitudinally averaged surface azimuthal field due to flux emergence and therefore is closely related to the subsurface toroidal field. Results. We present maps of the poloidal and toroidal magnetic fields of the global solar dynamo. The longitude-averaged azimuthal field observed at the surface results from flux emergence. At high latitudes this component follows the radial component of the polar fields with a short time lag of between 1−3 years. The lag increases at lower latitudes. The observed evolution of the poloidal and toroidal magnetic fields is described by the (updated) Babcock-Leighton dynamo model.