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Journal Article

Insights into cell wall structure of Sida hermaphrodita and its influence on recalcitrance


Leitner,  Walter
Institute for Technical and Macromolecular Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University;
Research Group Leitner, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Damm, T., Pattathil, S., Günl, M., Jablonowski, N. D., O'Neill, M., Grün, K. S., et al. (2017). Insights into cell wall structure of Sida hermaphrodita and its influence on recalcitrance. Carbohydrate Polymers, 168, 94-102. doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.03.062.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-EB74-5
The perennial plant Sida hermaphrodita (Sida) is attracting attention as potential energy crop. Here, the first detailed view on non-cellulosic Sida cell wall polysaccharide composition, structure and architecture is given. Cell walls were prepared from Sida stems and sequentially extracted with aqueous buffers and alkali. The structures of the quantitatively predominant polysaccharides present in each fraction were determined by biochemical characterization, glycome profiling and mass spectrometry. The amounts of glucose released by Accellerase-1500® treatment of the cell wall and the cell wall residue remaining after each extraction were used to assess the roles of pectin and hemicellulose in the recalcitrance of Sida biomass. 4-O-Methyl glucuronoxylan with a low proportion of side substitutions was identified as the major non-cellulosic glycan component of Sida stem cell walls. Pectic polysaccharides and xylans were found to be associated with lignin, suggesting that these polysaccharides have roles in Sida cell wall recalcitrance to enzymatic hydrolysis.