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Microsomal triacylglycerol transfer protein (MTP) is required to expand tracheal lumen in Drosophila in a cell-autonomous manner.

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Palm,  Wilhelm
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Eaton,  Suzanne
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Baer, M. M., Palm, W., Eaton, S., Leptin, M., & Affolter, M. (2012). Microsomal triacylglycerol transfer protein (MTP) is required to expand tracheal lumen in Drosophila in a cell-autonomous manner. Journal of Cell Science, 125(Pt 24), 6038-6048.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-085A-2
Abstract
The Drosophila tracheal system is a useful model for dissecting the molecular mechanisms controlling the assembly and expansion of tubular organs. We have identified microsomal triacylglycerol transfer protein (MTP) as a new player involved in the lumen expansion in unicellular tubes. MTP is an endoplasmic reticulum resident protein that can transfer triglycerides and phospholipids between membranes in vitro. MTP lipid transfer activity is crucial for the assembly and secretion of apoB family lipoproteins, which are carriers of lipids between different tissues. Here we describe an unexpected role of MTP in tracheal development, which we postulate to be independent of its known function in lipoprotein secretion. We propose that, in tracheal cells, MTP is involved in regulation of de novo apical membrane delivery to the existing lumen and thus promotes proper expansion of the larval tracheal system.