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Journal Article

Retromer controls epithelial cell polarity by trafficking the apical determinant Crumbs

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Pocha,  Shirin
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Hoflack,  Bernard
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Knust,  Elisabeth
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Pocha, S., Wassmer, T., Niehage, C., Hoflack, B., & Knust, E. (2011). Retromer controls epithelial cell polarity by trafficking the apical determinant Crumbs. Current Biology: CB, 21(13), 1111-1117.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-0AB5-8
Abstract
The evolutionarily conserved apical determinant Crumbs (Crb) is essential for maintaining apicobasal polarity and integrity of many epithelial tissues [1]. Crb levels are crucial for cell polarity and homeostasis, yet strikingly little is known about its trafficking or the mechanism of its apical localization. Using a newly established, liposome-based system described here, we determined Crb to be an interaction partner and cargo of the retromer complex. Retromer is essential for the retrograde transport of numerous transmembrane proteins from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and is conserved between plants, fungi, and animals [2]. We show that loss of retromer function results in a substantial reduction of Crb in Drosophila larvae, wing discs, and the follicle epithelium. Moreover, loss of retromer phenocopies loss of crb by preventing apical localization of key polarity molecules, such as atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) and Par6 in the follicular epithelium, an effect that can be rescued by overexpression of Crb. Additionally, loss of retromer results in multilayering of the follicular epithelium, indicating that epithelial integrity is severely compromised. Our data reveal a mechanism for Crb trafficking by retromer that is vital for maintaining Crb levels and localization. We also show a novel function for retromer in maintaining epithelial cell polarity.