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Protein friction limits diffusive and directed movements of kinesin motors on microtubules

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Bormuth,  Volker
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Varga,  Vladimir
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Howard,  Jonathon
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Schaffer,  Erik
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Bormuth, V., Varga, V., Howard, J., & Schaffer, E. (2009). Protein friction limits diffusive and directed movements of kinesin motors on microtubules. Science, 325(5942), 870-873.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-0D64-1
Abstract
Friction limits the operation of macroscopic engines and is critical to the performance of micromechanical devices. We report measurements of friction in a biological nanomachine. Using optical tweezers, we characterized the frictional drag force of individual kinesin-8 motor proteins interacting with their microtubule tracks. At low speeds and with no energy source, the frictional drag was related to the diffusion coefficient by the Einstein relation. At higher speeds, the frictional drag force increased nonlinearly, consistent with the motor jumping 8 nanometers between adjacent tubulin dimers along the microtubule, and was asymmetric, reflecting the structural polarity of the microtubule. We argue that these frictional forces arise from breaking bonds between the motor domains and the microtubule, and they limit the speed and efficiency of kinesin.