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Book Chapter

Chemical Bonding in Solids


Wagner,  Frank R.
Frank Wagner, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Miller, G. J., Zhang, Y., & Wagner, F. R. (2017). Chemical Bonding in Solids. In R. Dronskowski (Ed.), Handbook of Solid State Chemistry (pp. 405-489). Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/9783527691036.hsscvol5013.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-3C4E-6
Abstract This chapter discusses the various classes of hydride compounds, with a special focus on saline and metallic hydrides as well as oxyhydrides. It includes the following topics: thermodynamic stability, crystal chemistry, synthesis, and physical properties. The chapter also highlights recent progress in understanding hydride ion mobility in alkaline earth hydrides. It further deals with hydride compounds and in particular those containing alkali, alkaline earth, and transition and rare earth metals. The saline hydrides, that is, AH and AeH2 (with A=Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs; Ae=Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba) are proper ionic materials, in which hydrogen is present as hydride anions, H−. Saline hydrides show many similarities with their halide analogues, especially concerning crystal and electronic structures and, perhaps to a lesser extent, physical attributes such as brittleness, hardness, and optical properties.