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Journal Article

Molecular order and T1-relaxation, cross-relaxation in nitroxide spin labels.


Marsh,  D.
Department of NMR Based Structural Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Marsh, D. (2018). Molecular order and T1-relaxation, cross-relaxation in nitroxide spin labels. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 290, 38-45. doi:10.1016/j.jmr.2018.02.020.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-3FC3-D
Interpretation of saturation-recovery EPR experiments on nitroxide spin labels whose angular rotation is restricted by the orienting potential of the environment (e.g., membranes) currently concentrates on the influence of rotational rates and not of molecular order. Here. I consider the dependence on molecular ordering of contributions to the rates of electron spin-lattice relaxation and cross relaxation from modulation of N-hyperfine and Zeeman anisotropies. These are determined by the averages < cos(2) theta > and < cos(4) theta >, where theta is the angle between the nitroxide z-axis and the static magnetic field, which in turn depends on the angles that these two directions make with the director of uniaxial ordering. For saturation-recovery EPR at 9 GHz, the recovery rate constant is predicted to decrease with increasing order for the magnetic field oriented parallel to the director, and to increase slightly for the perpendicular field orientation. The latter situation corresponds to the usual experimental protocol and is consistent with the dependence on chain-labelling position in lipid bilayer membranes. An altered dependence on order parameter is predicted for saturation-recovery EPR at high field (94 GHz) that is not entirely consistent with observation. Comparisons with experiment are complicated by contributions from slow-motional components, and an unexplained background recovery rate that most probably is independent of order parameter. In general, this analysis supports the interpretation that recovery rates are determined principally by rotational diffusion rates, but experiments at other spectral positions/field orientations could increase the sensitivity to order parameter. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.