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Journal Article

Detection and characterization of spin-orbit resonances in the advanced gravitational wave detectors era


Pfeiffer,  Harald
Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Afle, C., Gupta, A., Gadre, B., Kumar, P., Demos, N., Lovelace, G., et al. (2018). Detection and characterization of spin-orbit resonances in the advanced gravitational wave detectors era. Physical Review D, 98(8): 083014. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.083014.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-40AE-3
In this paper, we test the performance of templates in detection and characterization of Spin-orbit resonant (SOR) binaries. We use precessing SEOBNRv3 waveforms as well as {\it four} numerical relativity (NR) waveforms to model GWs from SOR binaries and filter them through IMRPhenomD, SEOBNRv4 (non-precessing) and IMRPhenomPv2 (precessing) approximants. We find that IMRPhenomD and SEOBNRv4 recover only $\sim70\%$ of injections with fitting factor (FF) higher than 0.97 (or 90\% of injections with ${\rm FF} >0.9$).However, using the sky-maxed statistic, IMRPhenomPv2 performs magnificently better than their non-precessing counterparts with recovering $99\%$ of the injections with FFs higher than 0.97. Interestingly, injections with $\Delta \phi = 180^{\circ}$ have higher FFs ($\Delta \phi$ is the angle between the components of the black hole spins in the plane orthogonal to the orbital angular momentum) as compared to their $\Delta \phi =0^{\circ}$ and generic counterparts. This implies that we will have a slight observation bias towards $\Delta \phi=180^{\circ}$ SORs while using non-precessing templates for searches. All template approximants are able to recover most of the injected NR waveforms with FFs $>0.95$. For all the injections including NR, the error in estimating chirp mass remains below $<10\%$ with minimum error for $\Delta \phi = 180^{\circ}$ resonant binaries. The symmetric mass ratio can be estimated with errors below $15\%$. The effective spin parameter $\chi_{\rm eff}$ is measured with maximum absolute error of 0.13. The in-plane spin parameter $\chi_p$ is mostly underestimated indicating that a precessing signal will be recovered as a relatively less precessing signal. Based on our findings, we conclude that we not only need improvements in waveform models towards precession and non-quadrupole modes but also better search strategies for precessing GW signals.