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Bryophyte-dominated biological soil crusts mitigate soil erosion in an early successional Chinese subtropical forest

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Weber,  Bettina
Multiphase Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Seitz, S., Nebel, M., Goebes, P., Kappeler, K., Schmidt, K., Shi, X., et al. (2017). Bryophyte-dominated biological soil crusts mitigate soil erosion in an early successional Chinese subtropical forest. Biogeosciences, 14(24), 5775-5788. doi:10.5194/bg-14-5775-2017.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-564A-C
Abstract
This study investigated the development of bio- logical soil crusts (biocrusts) in an early successional sub- tropical forest plantation and their impact on soil erosion. Within a biodiversity and ecosystem functioning experiment in southeast China (biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF) China), the effect of these biocrusts on sediment deliv- ery and runoff was assessed within micro-scale runoff plots under natural rainfall, and biocrust cover was surveyed over a 5-year period. Results showed that biocrusts occurred widely in the ex- perimental forest ecosystem and developed from initial light cyanobacteria- and algae-dominated crusts to later-stage bryophyte-dominated crusts within only 3 years. Biocrust cover was still increasing after 6 years of tree growth. Within later-stage crusts, 25 bryophyte species were determined. Surrounding vegetation cover and terrain attributes signif- icantly influenced the development of biocrusts. Besides high crown cover and leaf area index, the development of biocrusts was favoured by low slope gradients, slope ori- entations towards the incident sunlight and the altitude of the research plots. Measurements showed that bryophyte- dominated biocrusts strongly decreased soil erosion, being more effective than abiotic soil surface cover. Hence, their significant role in mitigating sediment delivery and runoff generation in mesic forest environments and their ability to quickly colonise soil surfaces after disturbance are of par- ticular interest for soil erosion control in early-stage forest plantations.