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Journal Article

Intramitochondrial phospholipid trafficking

MPS-Authors

Tatsuta,  T.
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Langer,  T.
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Tatsuta, T., & Langer, T. (2017). Intramitochondrial phospholipid trafficking. Biochim Biophys Acta, 1862(1), 81-89. doi:10.1016/j.bbalip.2016.08.006.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-5934-1
Abstract
Mitochondrial functions and architecture rely on a defined lipid composition of their outer and inner membranes, which are characterized by a high content of non-bilayer phospholipids such as cardiolipin (CL) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Mitochondrial membrane lipids are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) or within mitochondria from ER-derived precursor lipids, are asymmetrically distributed within mitochondria and can relocate in response to cellular stress. Maintenance of lipid homeostasis thus requires multiple lipid transport processes to be orchestrated within mitochondria. Recent findings identified members of the Ups/PRELI family as specific lipid transfer proteins in mitochondria that shuttle phospholipids between mitochondrial membranes. They cooperate with membrane organizing proteins that preserve the spatial organization of mitochondrial membranes and the formation of membrane contact sites, unravelling an intimate crosstalk of membrane lipid transport and homeostasis with the structural organization of mitochondria. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Lipids of Mitochondria edited by Guenther Daum.