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Fluctuation-induced forces in and out of equilibrium

MPG-Autoren
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Golestanian,  R.
Department of Living Matter Physics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Golestanian, R. (2005). Fluctuation-induced forces in and out of equilibrium. Pramana, 64(6), 1029-1038.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-A717-9
Zusammenfassung
In a fluctuating medium of quantum, thermal, or non-thermal origin, an interaction is induced between external objects that modify the fluctuations. These interactions can appear in a vast variety of systems, leading to a plethora of interesting phenomena. Notable examples of these include: (1) like-charge attraction in the presence of multivalent counterions, (2) Ludwig-Soret effect in charged colloids, (3) mass renormalization of moving defects in a phononic background and moving metallic objects in EM quantum vacuum, and (4) dissipation due to motion-induced radiation. The fluctuation-induced forces are statistical in nature, and this could make their measurement very difficult, because the actual value of the force might deviate most of the time from the predicted average value. © Indian Academy of Sciences.