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The role of molybdenum in suppressing cold dwell fatigue in titanium alloys

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Grabowski,  Blazej
Computational Phase Studies, Computational Materials Design, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ready, A. J., Haynes, P. D., Grabowski, B., Rugg, D., & Sutton, A. P. (2017). The role of molybdenum in suppressing cold dwell fatigue in titanium alloys. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 473(2203): 20170189. doi:10.1098/rspa.2017.0189.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-64DC-7
Abstract
We test a hypothesis to explain why Ti-6242 is susceptible to cold dwell fatigue (CDF), whereas Ti-6246 is not. The hypothesis is that, in Ti-6246, substitutional Mo-atoms in alpha-Ti grains trap vacancies, thereby limiting creep relaxation. In Ti-6242, this creep relaxation enhances the loading of grains unfavourably oriented for slip and they subsequently fracture. Using density functional theory to calculate formation and binding energies between Mo-atoms and vacancies, we find no support for the hypothesis. In the light of this result, and experimental observations of the microstructures in these alloys, we agree with the recent suggestion (Qiu et al. 2014 Metall. Mater. Trans. A 45, 6075-6087. (doi:10.1007/s11661-014-2541-5)) that Ti-6246 has a much smaller susceptibility to CDF because it has a smaller grain size and a more homogeneous distribution of grain orientations. We propose that the reduction of the susceptibility to CDF of Ti-6242 at temperatures above about 200 degrees C is due to the activation of < c + a > slip in 'hard' grains, which reduces the loading of grain boundaries.