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Ionothermal synthesis of triazine-heptazine based co-frameworks with apparent quantum yields of 60 % at 420 nm for solar hydrogen production from "sea water"

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Zhang,  Guigang
Aleksandr Savateev, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Savateev,  Aleksandr
Aleksandr Savateev, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Antonietti,  Markus
Markus Antonietti, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Zhang, G., Lin, L., Li, G., Zhang, Y., Savateev, A., Wang, X., et al. (2018). Ionothermal synthesis of triazine-heptazine based co-frameworks with apparent quantum yields of 60 % at 420 nm for solar hydrogen production from "sea water". Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 57(30), 9372-9375. doi:10.1002/anie.201804702.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-6D7C-B
Abstract
Polymeric carbon nitride (PCN), in either triazine or heptazine form, has been regarded as a promising metal‐free, environmentally benign, and sustainable photocatalyst for solar hydrogen production. However, PCN in most cases only exhibits moderate activity owing to its inherent properties, such as rapid charge carrier recombination. Herein we present a triazine–heptazine copolymer synthesized by simple post‐calcination of PCN in eutectic salts, that is, NaCl/KCl, to modulate the polymerization process and optimize the structure. The construction of an internal triazine–heptazine donor–acceptor (D‐A) heterostructure was affirmed to significantly accelerate interface charge transfer (CT) and thus boost the photocatalytic activity (AQY=60 % at 420 nm). This study highlights the construction of intermolecular D‐A copolymers in NaCl/KCl molten salts with higher melting points but in the absence of lithium to modulate the chemical structure and properties of PCN.