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Journal Article

Suppressed Calbindin Levels in Hippocampal Excitatory Neurons Mediate Stress-Induced Memory Loss


Schmidt,  Mathias V.
Dept. Stress Neurobiology and Neurogenetics, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Li, J.-T., Xie, X.-M., Yu, J.-Y., Sun, Y.-X., Liao, X.-M., Wang, X.-X., et al. (2017). Suppressed Calbindin Levels in Hippocampal Excitatory Neurons Mediate Stress-Induced Memory Loss. CELL REPORTS, 21(4), 891-900. doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2017.10.006.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-963D-2
Calbindin modulates intracellular Ca2+ dynamics and synaptic plasticity. Reduction of hippocampal calbindin levels has been implicated in early-life stress-related cognitive disorders, but it remains unclear how calbindin in distinct populations of hippocampal neurons contributes to stress-induced memory loss. Here we report that early-life stress suppressed calbindin levels in CA1 and dentate gyrus (DG) neurons, and calbindin knockdown in adult CA1 or DG excitatory neurons mimicked early-life stress-induced memory loss. In contrast, calbindin knockdown in CA1 interneurons preserved longterm memory even after an acute stress challenge. These results indicate that the dysregulation of calbindin in hippocampal excitatory, but not inhibitory, neurons conveys susceptibility to stress-induced memory deficits. Moreover, calbindin levels were downregulated by early-life stress through the corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1-nectin3 pathway, which in turn reduced inositol monophosphatase levels. Our findings highlight calbindin as a molecular target of early-life stress and an essential substrate for memory.