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Nightmare Disorder, Psychopathology Levels, and Coping in a Diverse Psychiatric Sample

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Spoormaker,  Victor
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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van Schagen, A., Lancee, J., Swart, M., Spoormaker, V., & van den Bout, J. (2017). Nightmare Disorder, Psychopathology Levels, and Coping in a Diverse Psychiatric Sample. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 73(1), 65-75. doi:10.1002/jclp.22315.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-9C50-5
Abstract
Objective: Nightmares are associated with psychopathology and impaired coping in the general population. However, little is known about this association in a psychiatric population. In this study, we investigate whether patients with diverse psychiatric disorders have increased symptomatology and different coping styles if they suffer from comorbid nightmare disorder. Method: Participants were 498 patients with diverse moderate to severe psychiatric disorders. As part of a standard assessment procedure, they filled out questionnaires regarding nightmares, psychopathology, personality pathology, and coping. Results: A multivariate analysis of covariance and post hoc tests showed that patients with nightmare disorder scored higher on psychopathology (eta(2)(p) = .03; p = .001) and personality pathology (eta(2)(p) = .01-.03; p < .05). No significant differences were found with regards to coping strategies. Conclusion: Nightmare disorder is associated with higher levels of psychopathology and personality pathology in a sample of patients with diverse psychiatric disorders. (C) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.