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Journal Article

#### The stochastic gravitational-wave background in the absence of horizons

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##### Fulltext (public)

1805.08229.pdf

(Preprint), 825KB

CQG_35_20LT01.pdf

(Publisher version), 2MB

##### Supplementary Material (public)

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##### Citation

Barausse, E., Brito, R., Cardoso, V., Dvorkin, I., & Pani, P. (2018). The stochastic
gravitational-wave background in the absence of horizons.* Classical and Quantum Gravity,*
*35*(20): 20LT01. doi:10.1088/1361-6382/aae1de.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-74FF-E

##### Abstract

Gravitational-wave astronomy has the potential to explore one of the deepest
and most puzzling aspects of Einstein's theory: the existence of black holes. A
plethora of ultracompact, horizonless objects have been proposed to arise in
models inspired by quantum gravity. These objects may solve Hawking's
information-loss paradox and the singularity problem associated with black
holes, while mimicking almost all of their classical properties. They are,
however, generically unstable on relatively short timescales. Here, we show
that this "ergoregion instability" leads to a strong stochastic background of
gravitational waves, at a level detectable by current and future
gravitational-wave detectors. The absence of such background in the first
observation run of Advanced LIGO already imposes the most stringent limits to
date on black-hole alternatives, showing that certain models of
"quantum-dressed" stellar black holes can be at most a small percentage of the
total population. The future LISA mission will allow for similar constraints on
supermassive black-hole mimickers.