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Journal Article

Inverse proximity effect in semiconductor Majorana nanowires


Khaymovich,  Ivan M.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Kopasov, A. A., Khaymovich, I. M., & Mel'nikov, A. S. (2018). Inverse proximity effect in semiconductor Majorana nanowires. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 9, 1184-1193. doi:10.3762/bjnano.9.109.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-82AB-B
We study the influence of the inverse proximity effect on the superconductivity nucleation in hybrid structures consisting of semi-conducting nanowires placed in contact with a thin superconducting film and discuss the resulting restrictions on the operation of Majorana-based devices. A strong paramagnetic effect for electrons entering the semiconductor together with spin-orbit coupling and van Hove singularities in the electronic density of states in the wire are responsible for the suppression of superconducting correlations in the low-field domain and for the reentrant superconductivity at high magnetic fields in the topologically nontrivial regime. The growth of the critical temperature in the latter case continues up to the upper critical field destroying the pairing inside the superconducting film due to either orbital or paramagnetic mechanism. The suppression of the homogeneous superconducting state near the boundary between the topological