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Temporal adaptation enhances efficient contrast gain control on natural images

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Sinz, F., & Bethge, M. (2012). Temporal adaptation enhances efficient contrast gain control on natural images. Poster presented at Bernstein Conference 2012, München, Germany. doi:10.3389/conf.fncom.2012.55.00048.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-9C0A-5
The redundancy reduction hypothesis postulates that neural representations adapt to sensory input statistics such that their responses become as statistically independent as possible. Based on this hypothesis, many properties of early visual neurons-like orientation selectivity or divisive normalization-have been linked to natural image statistics. Divisive normalization, in particular, models a widely observed neural response property: The divisive inhibition of a single neuron by a pool of others. This mechanism has been shown to reduce the redundancy among neural responses to typical contrast dependencies in natural images. Using recent advances in natural image modeling, we show that the previously studied static model of divisive normalization achieves substantially less redundancy reduction than a theoretically optimal redundancy reduction mechanism called radial factorization. This optimal mechanism, however, is inconsistent with the existing neurophysiological observations. We suggest a new physiologically plausible modification of the standard model which accounts for the dynamics of the visual input by adapting to local contrasts during fixations. In this way the dynamic version of the standard model achieves almost optimal redundancy reduction performance. Our results imply that the dynamics of natural viewing conditions are critical for testing the role of divisive normalization for redundancy reduction.