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Sensitivity of core-level spectroscopy to electrostatic environments of nitrile groups: An ab initio study

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Hussain,  A.
Ultrafast Molecular Dynamics, Atomically Resolved Dynamics Department, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;

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Huse,  N.
Ultrafast Molecular Dynamics, Atomically Resolved Dynamics Department, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Department of Physics, University of Hamburg and the Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging;

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Citation

Hussain, A., Huse, N., & Vendrell, O. (2017). Sensitivity of core-level spectroscopy to electrostatic environments of nitrile groups: An ab initio study. Structural Dynamics, 4(5): 054102. doi:10.1063/1.5003404.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-9E43-2
Abstract
Ab initio quantum chemistry calculations have been performed to probe the influence of hydrogen bonding on the electronic structure of hydrogen cyanide (HCN). Our calculations determine the origin of nitrogen-specific Raman spectral features from resonant inelastic X-ray scattering occurring in the presence of a water molecule and an electric dipole field. The similarity of the two interactions in altering the electronic structure of the nitrogen atom differs only in the covalent contributions from the water molecule. The CN stretching mode as a structural probe was also investigated to study the electronic origin of the anomalous frequency shift of the nitrile group when subjected to hydrogen bonding and an electrostatic dipole field. The major changes in the electronic structure of HCN are electrostatic in nature and originate from dipole-dipole interactions. The relative shifts of the CN stretching frequency are in good agreement with those experimentally observed.