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Molecular Spin Crossover in Slow Motion: Light-Induced Spin-State Transitions in Trigonal Prismatic Iron(II) Complexes

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Stock,  Philipp
Institut für Chemie, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany;
Interaction Forces and Functional Materials, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Stock, P., Deck, E. P., Hohnstein, S., Korzekwa, J., Meyer, K., Heinemann, F. W., et al. (2016). Molecular Spin Crossover in Slow Motion: Light-Induced Spin-State Transitions in Trigonal Prismatic Iron(II) Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry, 55(11), 5254-5265. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00238.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-B530-C
Abstract
A straightforward access is provided to iron(II) complexes showing exceedingly slow spin-state interconversion by utilizing trigonal-prismatic directing ligands (Ln) of the extended-tripod type. A detailed analysis of the interrelations between complex structure (X-ray diffraction, density functional theory) and electronic character (SQUID magnetometry, Mössbauer spectroscopy, UV/vis spectroscopy) of the iron(II) center in mononuclear complexes [FeLn] reveals spin crossover to occur along a coupled breathing/torsion reaction coordinate, shuttling the complex between the octahedral low-spin state and the trigonal-prismatic high-spin state along Bailar's trigonal twist pathway. We associate both the long spin-state lifetimes in the millisecond domain close to room temperature and the substantial barriers against thermal scrambling (Ea ≈ 33 kJ mol-1, from Arrhenius analysis) with stereochemical constraints. In particular, the topology of the κ6N ligands controls the temporary and structural dynamics during spin crossover. © 2016 American Chemical Society.