English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

The role of Laves phase on microstructure evolution and creep strength of novel 9%Cr heat resistant steels

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons125328

Prat Borquez,  Orlando Sebastian
Engineering Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Material Diagnostics and Steel Technology, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;
Universidad de Concepción, Departamento de Ingeniería de Materiales, Edmundo Larenas 270, Concepción, Chile;

/persons/resource/persons125365

Sauthoff,  Gerhard
High Temperature Materials, Physical Metallurgy, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons125191

Inden,  Gerhard
Phase Equilibria and Transformations, Physical Metallurgy, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Prat Borquez, O. S., Garcia, J. L., Rojas Jara, D. E., Sauthoff, G., & Inden, G. (2013). The role of Laves phase on microstructure evolution and creep strength of novel 9%Cr heat resistant steels. Intermetallics, 32, 362-372. doi:10.1016/j.intermet.2012.08.016.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-E300-E
Abstract
The influence of Laves phase (type Fe 2W) formation and growth kinetics on the creep strength at 650 °C of two different 9Cr heat resistant steels of the authors' design was investigated. The microstructure evolution was characterized using transmission electron microscopy in the scanning mode (STEM). Kinetic modeling was carried out using the software DICTRA. STEM investigations revealed that the Laves phase precipitates tend to form clusters, have an irregular shape and are often located close to M 23C 6 carbides, along martensite lath boundaries or sub-grain boundaries. DICTRA simulations showed that the growth kinetics of Laves phase was high in the first thousand hours of creep, reaching its equilibrium volume fraction after 7000-10,000 h. Simultaneous competitive growth of M 23C 6 carbides and Laves phase was simulated showing that Laves phase grows very slowly to reach the final equilibrium phase fraction only after almost 13,000 h, while M 23C 6 reached the equilibrium phase fraction already during tempering. Best creep results were obtained for the 9Cr alloy with low carbon content, reduced sub-grain growth, very slow coarsening of MX carbonitrides and slow growth of Laves phase. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.