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Journal Article

Interactions of N,N′-dimethylaminoethanol with steel surfaces in alkaline and chlorine containing solutions

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Grunze,  M.
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Welle, A., Liao, J., Kaiser, K., Grunze, M., Mäder, U., & Blank, N. (1997). Interactions of N,N′-dimethylaminoethanol with steel surfaces in alkaline and chlorine containing solutions. Applied Surface Science, 119(3-4), 185-198. doi:10.1016/S0169-4332(97)00216-X.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-B2A4-C
Abstract
Formulations based on dilute aqueous solutions of N,N′-dimethylethanolamine (DMEA) are used to protect reinforcement steel bars (‘rebar’) in concrete from corrosion. In a previous paper we discussed the usefulness of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to detect DMEA adsorbed from solution and the application of secondary neutral mass spectrometry (SNMS) to study migration of DMEA through a cement matrix. In this report we present XPS data of DMEA adsorbed on steel surfaces from alkaline and chlorine containing solutions of variable concentration range and discuss models for the interaction of DMEA with the oxidized steel surface and the mechanism of corrosion inhibition of DMEA. DMEA is strongly bonded to the steel surface and displaces ionic species from the substrate/solution interface hence protecting the ironoxide surface from ionic attack.