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Journal Article

Interactions of the Tropical Oceans


Latif,  Mojib
MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Latif, M., & Barnett, T.-P.-. (1995). Interactions of the Tropical Oceans. Journal of Climate, 8, 952-964. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<0952:IOTTO>2.0.CO;2.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-76A9-B
The authors have investigated the interactions of the tropical oceans on interannual timescales by conducting a series of uncoupled atmospheric and oceanic general circulation experiments and hybrid-coupled model simulations. The results illustrate the key role of the El Nino/Southern Oscillation phenomenon in generating interannual variability in all three tropical ocean basins. The authors investigated, also, whether ENSO is part of a zonally propagating "wave', which travels around the globe with a timescale of several years. Consistent with observations, the upper-ocean heat content in the various numerical simulations seems to propagate slowly around the globe. SST anomalies in the Pacific Ocean introduce a global atmospheric response, which in turn forces variations in the other tropical oceans. Since the different oceans exhibit different response characteristics to low-frequency wind changes, the individual tropical ocean responses can add up coincidentally to look like a global wave, and that appears to be the situation. -from Authors