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It Takes Two–Skilled Recognition of Objects Engages Lateral Areas in Both Hemispheres

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Citation

Bilalić, M., Kiesel, A., Pohl, C., Erb, M., & Grodd, W. (2011). It Takes Two–Skilled Recognition of Objects Engages Lateral Areas in Both Hemispheres. PLoS One, 6(1), 1-11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016202.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-BCED-1
Abstract
Our object recognition abilities, a direct product of our experience with objects, are fine-tuned to perfection. Left temporal and lateral areas along the dorsal, action related stream, as well as left infero-temporal areas along the ventral, object related stream are engaged in object recognition. Here we show that expertise modulates the activity of dorsal areas in the recognition of man-made objects with clearly specified functions. Expert chess players were faster than chess novices in identifying chess objects and their functional relations. Experts' advantage was domain-specific as there were no differences between groups in a control task featuring geometrical shapes. The pattern of eye movements supported the notion that experts' extensive knowledge about domain objects and their functions enabled superior recognition even when experts were not directly fixating the objects of interest. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) related exclusively the areas along the dorsal stream to chess specific object recognition. Besides the commonly involved left temporal and parietal lateral brain areas, we found that only in experts homologous areas on the right hemisphere were also engaged in chess specific object recognition. Based on these results, we discuss whether skilled object recognition does not only involve a more efficient version of the processes found in non-skilled recognition, but also qualitatively different cognitive processes which engage additional brain areas.